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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 86-88

Changing pattern of cancer incidence in India: 25-year report of the cancer registry of a large urban cancer center


1 Department of Radiation Oncology, Saroj Gupta Cancer Centre and Research Institute, Thakurpukur, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
2 Surgical Oncology, Saroj Gupta Cancer Centre and Research Institute, Thakurpukur, Kolkata, West Bengal, India
3 Gynaecologic Oncology, Saroj Gupta Cancer Centre and Research Institute, Thakurpukur, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Correspondence Address:
Jyotirup Goswami
Department of Radiation Oncology, Saroj Gupta Cancer Centre and Research Institute, Thakurpukur, Kolkata 700063, West Bengal
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/bjoc.bjoc_6_22

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Introduction: Cancer registries are vital for understanding incidence and prevalence of cancer, as well as appropriate funding and control measures. Materials and Methods: The data of patients registered between 1996 and 2020 at a large urban cancer centre in Eastern India was used for analysis of cancer trends over time. Results: There were a total of 1,89,315 patients. The top 5 cancer sites over the most recent 5-year block (2016–2020) were lung, oral cavity, throat, stomach, and colorectum in males and breast, cervix, liver-gallbladder, oral cavity and ovary in females. There was a consistent rise in oral cavity cancers and lung cancer in males and a consistent rise in breast cancer and ovarian cancers in females. There was a consistent fall cervical cancers, which was overtaken by breast cancer in the mid-2000s as the leading cancer in women. Digestive cancers have doubled over the last 25 years, the commonest being stomach cancer and colorectal cancers. Conclusion: The data reflects India’s changing profile of cancer, with the increase of breast and ovarian cancers, as seen worldwide. Despite lack of a robust screening/vaccination programme, cervical cancer has declined. The rise in tobacco-associated cancers (lung and mouth) is a matter of concern.


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